According to NFHS-4,the total population of overweight or obese people in urban and rural areas of the state has been increased to 13.2 per cent from 6.2 per cent in 2005-06. Survey shows that for the adults between the age of 15 to 49 years, nutritional status is contradictory in rural and urban areas. In urban areas, overweight or obese population is higher as compared to population in rural areas. But, population with below normal body mass index (BMI) is higher in rural areas.
As per the survey, 19.7 per cent of male population in urban areas is obese while in rural areas it is 10.6 per cent. Similarly, in urban areas, 23.7 per cent of females are obese, whereas in rural areas, 10.7 per cent of women are obese. But as per doctors, these figures can not conclude that people in rural areas are less prone to obesity in comparison to urban population.
“Obesity is increasing rapidly in Indian population as we are observing increased cases of obesity from rural areas as well,” Dr Aditya Shriya, GI and Bariatric Surgeon at Narayana Hospital said. “It can be attributed to the decreased level of physical activities and lifestyle changes. People are having carbohydrate rich diet, with the advancement of technology, manual labour and work has been replaced by the use of machines and equipment in rural areas also. In hospitals, obesity patients are coming from even lower middle class which indicates that obesity is now no more a problem, related to higher class or rich people only,” he added.
As per doctors, obesity or overweight is among the root causes for lifestyle diseases like hypertension and diabetes. According to World Health Organization (WHO),common health consequences of overweight and obesity are risk of developing cardiovascular diseases like heart disease and stroke, diabetes, osteoarthritis and some types of cancers.
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